☑️ The Basics
Currency: Egyptian pound (Rate)
Public Holidays: Up to 16 public holidays (see here)
Employer Taxes: 27% of gross salary
Official Language: Modern Standard Arabic
Payroll frequency: Monthly
Three things to know about employing in Egypt
- If imposed, non-compete agreements in Egypt are usually for a period of one year. There is no statutory provision requiring the employer to pay any financial compensation to the employee for maintaining a noncompete clause.
- Employees do not get paid vacation leave until they have completed six months of service. For emergencies, employees are entitled to casual leave, which must not exceed six days per year and is deducted from their annual leave.
- To be eligible for paid maternity leave, an employee must have worked with their employer for at least the last ten months.
Employment in Egypt
The notice period depends on the length of the employee's service:
- Less than 10 years' service: two months
- More than 10 years' service: three months
Termination & Severance
It is difficult for employers to terminate an employment contract before the end of the contract. This is considered wrongful termination unless any of the reasons below are met:
- A “fundamental breach” of contract. (employer does not pay any compensation.)
- Poor performance that is documented. (employer does not pay any compensation)
- Redundancy (employer pays a reduced compensation to the employee)
For termination without a justified cause, there are two scenarios:
- Fixed-term contracts: employers must pay the employee an amount equal to what they would have received if they would have fulfilled their employment contract
- Indefinite contracts: an amount no less than two months' salary for each year that the employee served
2,000 EGP per month
IP protection and non-compete agreements
Non-compete agreements must be reasonable and limited in its geographic scope and duration. Such agreements in Egypt are typically for a period of one year.
There is no statutory provision requiring the employer to pay any financial compensation to the employee for maintaining a noncompete clause.
Eight hours per day, 48 hours per week.