Submitted in GSF - 2018

Smart Agriculture


I wanted to solve the three main problems which I discovered in some farms and parks :

  1. The plants are not properly and timely watered, or sometimes there is overwatering
  2. Many plants are affected by diseases which destroy the plants before they can be identified and treated.
  3. In India, many people own lands in their villages, but they live in cities and are not present to look after it.

Thus, I wanted to design a robot, which can solve all of the above problems at once. This robot could thus report the statistics of the field like temperature and humidity and the conditions of the plants and also detect the diseases in advance so that appropriate dose of fertilizer can be given. With the record of Soil and Ambient Temperature and Humidity, we can calculate the amount of water the plants will require and thus control the irrigation system automatically.

To investigate further and in order to test my solution, I went to near by parks to test the robot out. It could accurately predict the diseases in some of the test images. The robot could move around in a specific area and also measured the weather phenomenon and it could accurately trigger the water pump based on the different water content in the soil. All the real-time stats and the plant status are updated to the cloud and notified if the results are not in the given parameters.

Project Video

Very soon, I plan to add a proper GPS system, with waypoint algorithm so that the robot can move automatically.

Question / Proposal

Objective: Make Agriculture Smart.

Smart Agriculture is a project to make farming and gardening more smart and effective. When I was out for a vacation in Thailand last summer. I was disappointed as my lemon, mango and other plants at home had drooped down due to improper watering. The other thing I observed was over watering of plants in some gardens. One of the two mango trees died, which may be due to an unidentified disease at that time. There are not only issues of field watering but also of monitoring of the farm. This struck my mind to make a project which could solve these problems.

Across the globe, fires destroy large tracts of lands. Detecting these fires is also another goal which can be met with my robot.

To make an All-In-One product which can solve all these problems I thought of making a Robot which can move around and collect data, detect plant diseases and monitor the farms. The alerts will be immediately notified.

There is a lack of an effective and economical solution in this field: