A region of non-volatile memory (doesn't get rewritten when power is removed) is reserved for various status-bytes.
The NVM bit map provides a concise way of storing important information. This is useful for quick & low power radio transmissions conveying state of health info (for example). Using the NVM bits is purely optional. Don't worry about using/maintaining the NVM bit map until you're comfortable with your flight software and ready to start optimizing.
Remember that a byte is made up of 8 bits. Each NVM register holds one byte.
The decimal number 30 can be represented in hexadecimal as 0x1E and in binary as 00011110. Decimal values great than 255 require two bytes, greater than 65536 require three bytes, etc...
A single bit can be used as a "flag" representing a true/flash condition of something. For example, a
low battery flag could represent whether or not the spacecraft is low power mode.
You can use multiple bits as a compact/concise counter for something you don't want to consume an entire byte.
To read these status bytes manually from CircuitPython:
from pycubed import cubesat LOCATION = 0 #-status byte location VALUE_READ = cubesat.microcontroller.nvm[LOCATION]
To write a status-byte manually from CircuitPython:
from pycubed import cubesat LOCATION = 0 # status-byte location VALUE_WRITE = 4 # status-byte value. Must be 0-255 cubesat.microcontroller.nvm[LOCATION] = VALUE_WRITE
There are also built-in methods of retrieving common status-bytes: