I make personal investments in companies I believe in. My conviction is driven by one of two leading factors.

Fundamental conviction

I am making a bet on the specific company, strategy, and team to succeed as an investment, with consideration for all the typical criteria (market size, competition, exit path, etc.).

Macro belief

I am making a bet on a macro trend I believe in. I don't necessarily expect a return, and am happy to invest to help the company continue to create value for the world.


Outside of my real investments, I maintain a "ghost portfolio": a series of companies that I would invest in if I had the access and capital to do so. All investments are dated and I publish the executive summary of my memo outlining my investment rationale in each case.

As time passes, I hope to update this page with high-level performance metrics. I will also begin to publish deals that I passed on that turned out to be mistakes.

Personal Investments

Ghost Portfolio


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