Tenodera sinensis mantid attack on non-spotted P. canidia butterfly:

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Figure S4. Slow motion video of mantid attacking non-spotted butterfly.

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Figure S5. Slow motion video of mantid grabbing on to non-spotted butterfly wing, positioning butterfly body at mandible.

Mantid attacks are targeted at the body and the wings are ignored as expected.


Attack on spotted P. canidia:

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Figure S6. Mantid grabbing on to spotted butterfly, consuming the body and not the wings.

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Figure S7. Slow motion video of mantid attacking spotted butterfly, grabbing the butterfly by the body and ignoring the wings.

Mantid attacks are also targeted at the body, ignoring the spotted wings. Spots did not influence where mantid attacks were directed.


Attack on Bicyclus anynana, a nymphalid butterfly with natural eyespots:

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Figure S8. Slow motion video of mantid attacking wildtype Bicyclus anynana with eyespots. The mantid striked exactly at the eyespot, grabbing the butterfly by the tip of the wing and not the body like with P. canidia.

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Figure S9. Slow motion video of mantid attacking wildtype Bicyclus anynana in free flight. Mantid attacks at the eyespot again and begins consuming the wing.

In both cases (2 different mantids), the mantid attacks the wing first, where the eyespot is located.


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