CPA Canada - Income Inequality in Canada
Inclusive Governance and the Law
Economic inequality is the extent to which income is distributed unevenly in a given country. In Canada, this manifests itself between individuals and groups, as well as over land. We consider primarily the degree of inequality between the top and bottom income earners.
Social inequality occurs when distributions of goods or burdens differ in society. Examples of goods include, income, education, and employment. Burdens, on the other hand, are poverty, unemployment and marginalisation. Similar to economic inequality, social inequality mostly categorizes itself among groups such as, class, race, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation and ability.
Economic inequality and social inequality intersect and influence one another. Economic inequality — a lack of resources — in societies affects different groups which is social inequality.
This section looks at an overview of inequality in Canada. We consider economic inequality seperatetly. We then consider social inequality in terms of gender, race, LGBTQ+, and Disability.