Here you will find eLibrary resources for population targeting that cover a wide variety of topics and themes. They don't fit squarely into one category, and often times will address multiple themes simultaneously. Some resources are also listed - with specific sub-sections and page references - in the thematic folders.

Case Studies

Practitioner's Guide by the Identification for Development (ID4D) initiative - World Bank (2019)

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A practical guide on the stages and lessons of rolling out and reforming national ID schemes. Although health agencies are rarely directly responsible for national ID reforms, they are often responsible for components in the rollout of NHI beneficiary cards, which have in some instances then become de facto forms of national ID. Equally, health agencies are often implementing targeted health programs (e.g. subsidized health insurance) at the same time as national ID reforms are ongoing - in which case alignment of the two is critical. In both of these instances, health leaders may find some of the resources and frameworks in this World Bank report helpful.

Sourcebook on the Foundations of Social Protection Delivery Systems - World Bank (2020)

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The Sourcebook synthesizes real-world experiences and lessons learned of social protection delivery systems from around the world, with a particular focus on social and labor benefits and services. It takes a practical approach, seeking to address concrete “how-to” questions, including: How do countries deliver social protection benefits and services? How do they do so effectively and efficiently? How do they ensure dynamic inclusion, especially for the most vulnerable and needy? How do they promote better coordination and integration—not only among social protection programs but also programs in other parts of government? How can they meet the needs of their intended populations and provide a better client experience?

The Role of Digital Identification for Healthcare: The Emerging Use Cases - World Bank (2018)

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Identification is crucial for the efficient and effective delivery of health services and public health management and is therefore instrumental for achieving sustainable development goal (SDG). Providers need to know a patient’s identity to access relevant medical and treatment histories and ensure that they are giving consistent and appropriate care. Patients also need documentation to prove enrollment in insurance programs or other safety nets that cover medical expenses. As an alternative to creating a health-specific functional identification system, some countries have instead opted to use existing foundational identification systems, such as population registers, unique identification numbers (UINs) or national ID (NID) cards, as the basis for patient identification, verification, and authentication. The goal of this paper is to synthesize selected examples of how foundational systems are used for healthcare in a variety of countries.

ID4D Practitioner’s Guide - World Bank (2019)

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The focus of this guide is on the design and implementation of digital ID systems that provide people with proof of legal identity, which is commonly needed to access basic services, rights, and protections. While not health-specific, the guide includes a number of useful considerations and lessons for national healthcare leaders interested in aligning their future population targeting approaches to digital ID reforms in their country.

Global Patterns of Identification in Social Protection: Presentation by Robert Palacios - World Bank (2019)

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A slide presentation from the World Bank's former Global Lead for Pension and Social Insurance on global patterns of ID for social protection. The deck is a useful overview of several different frameworks and typologies for social protection, in particular how social protection programs work towards three fundamental features: uniqueness, authentication and links across programs - as well as the challenges encountered in achieving these. It is less detailed than the other resources in this folder, but may be a useful introductory overview of some of these concepts.