Last update: November 14, 2020
1. What are cookies
Cookies are small text strings that the applications visited by the user send to his terminal (usually the browser), where they are stored before being re-transmitted to the same applications at the next visit by the same user.
The term cookie refers to both cookies, properly so-called, and to all similar technologies.
Cookies are used to access online services more quickly and to improve user navigation by monitoring sessions, storing user information, loading content more quickly, etc.
2. Types of cookies
Cookies can be:
- First party cookies: they are proprietary cookies used by the owner of the site in order to allow the user to navigate more efficiently and / or to monitor the actions exercised by the same;
- Third-party cookies: cookies set by a site other than the one you are currently visiting in order to allow the user to browse more efficiently and / or monitor the actions exercised by the same.
Furthermore, depending on the functionality, different types of cookies are distinguished:
- Technical Cookies: used for the sole purpose of "carrying out the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network, or to the extent strictly necessary for the provider of a service from the company information explicitly requested by the subscriber or user to provide this service "(Article 122, paragraph 1, of the Privacy Code). Technical cookies include:
- Session or Navigation Cookies: they are used to keep track of the user's activity on the network. They guarantee normal navigation and use of the Site, allowing for example to browse more quickly, to make a purchase or to authenticate to access restricted areas, and are in fact necessary for its correct functioning.
- Functionality cookies: they allow the user to browse according to a series of selected criteria (for example, the language, the products selected for purchase) in order to improve the service provided.
- First-party analytical cookies: assimilated on a regulatory level to technical cookies if used directly by the owner of the site without profiling the user but only to collect information, in aggregate and anonymous form, on the number of users and how they visit the site for statistical purposes and to improve the performance of the Site.
- Third-party analytical cookies: they are made available by third parties and are assimilated to technical cookies if the third parties do not carry out user profiling through the use of suitable tools to reduce the identifying power of cookies (for example, by masking significant portions of the IP address) and without crossing the information collected with others that they already have.
- Profiling cookies: they are used to monitor the user's web browsing and create a profile of the user's habits. There are:
- First-party profiling cookies: installed by the owner of the site to create user profiles in order to send advertising messages in line with the preferences expressed while surfing the net. Given their particular invasiveness in the private sphere of users, European and Italian legislation requires that the user must be adequately informed on the use of the same, that he expresses his consent and that the Privacy Guarantor is notified.
- Third-party profiling cookies: used by third parties who access the information in clear text, therefore not in anonymous and aggregate mode, and cross them with other data already in their possession. The Site does not have direct control of individual third-party cookies and cannot install them directly or delete them. The user is therefore invited to check the relevant cookie information on the third party website. For these cookies, the legislation provides that the user must be adequately informed about their use, that he expresses his consent as well as that the person using the data is notified to the Privacy Guarantor.
3. Duration of cookies
Cookies have a duration dictated by the expiry date or by a specific action such as closing the browser set at the time of installation. Cookies can be:
- temporary or session: they are used to store temporary information, allow you to connect the actions performed during a specific session and are removed from the computer when the browser is closed;
- persistent: they are used to store information, for example the login name and password, so as to avoid the user having to type them again each time he visits a specific site. These remain stored on the computer even after closing the browser.
4. Cookies installed on the Site