Three scores and ten

'Three score and ten' is the nominal span of a human life. In the days that this expression was coined that span was considered to be seventy years.

Threescore used to be used for sixty, in the way that we still use a dozen for twelve, and (occasionally) score for twenty. The use of threescore as a name for sixty has long since died out but is still remembered in this phrase. Threescore goes back to at least 1388, as in this from John Wyclif's Bible, Leviticus 12, at that date: "Thre scoor and sixe daies."

There are numerous uses of 'threescore' in the Bible. Most of them refer to its simple meaning as the number sixty, for example: "...threescore and ten bullocks, an hundred rams, and two hundred lambs: all these were for a burnt offering to the Lord."

Most popular (prevalence) cancers worldwide (by order) : Lung, stomach, Liver, Bower, Breast

A, adenine, 腺嘌呤   ---   T, thymine, 胸腺嘧啶 (RNA: U, uracil, 尿嘧啶)
G, guanine, 鸟嘌呤   ---   C, cytosine, 胞嘧啶


mRNA: 信使 RNA, DNA 转录而来的并运送到细胞质
transfer RNA

氨基酸(amino acids), 由3部分组成:
carboxy terminus (羧基端), amino terminus (氨基端), plus a variable side
branch which gives each amino acid its distinct properties (R)

The hallmarks of cancer (cancer cell features):

• self-sufficiency in positive growth signals;
• lack of response to inhibitory signals;
• failure to undergo ‘programmed cell death’ (Apoptosis) to eliminate faulty cells;
• evasion of destruction by the immune system;
• the ability to grow in and destructively invade other tissues;
• ability to sustain growth by generating new blood vessels.

Carcinogen: 致癌物质
castrate : (男性)去势
cervical smear test : 宫颈涂片检查。筛查子宫肿瘤(宫颈癌)
laparoscopic 腹腔镜(微创手术)
oncologic = 肿瘤方面 oncological = 肿瘤方面 oncologist = 癌症医师

tamoxifen ([諾瓦得士](<>)), oestrogen blocker (雌激素受体阻抗剂),治疗乳腺癌
Herceptin 赫赛汀,针对HER-2蛋白的靶向性治疗的单克隆抗体
  HER-2 : 生长因子受体(on/off switch)。1/3 的乳腺癌细胞表面表达异常HER2(always on),称为 HER2 positive.
perinatal care : 围产期医疗护理

homeopathy 顺势疗法 (alternative approach)
acupuncture 针刺疗法